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Reading and Writing the Social Swirls of The French Chef: Social Circulation and the Fan Mail of Julia Child
Author(s): Lindy E. BriggetteAbstract: This article uses social circulation to consider fan mail written to Julia Child during her time on public television’s The French Chef. Analyzing a selection of fan letters written between 1963 and 1967, I explore how Child’s performances circulated rhetorical opportunity into the homes of fans, thus motivating their own rhetorical action. By highlighting letters that include commentary on the fan letter genre as well as letters that illustrate writers’ material literacy practices, I argue that fans and fan letters contribute to the complex rhetorical ecology that shapes the social circulation of Julia Child.
Author(s): Compiled by Charlotte Hogg and Meredith Love
Author(s): Rebecca Jones
Author(s): Amy RobillardAbstract: Preliminary findings from a study of misogyny in U.S. English departments reveal that participants’ understanding of the power of story persuaded them to push past their fears of misogynistic punishments to confidentially share their stories with the author. This article identifies the most persuasive aspects of story and the punishments most anticipated by participants when sharing their experiences of breaking patriarchal norms in a space where storytelling is otherwise encouraged.
Author(s): Jennifer KeohaneAbstract: Just Between Office Girls, a bi-monthly pamphlet for the clerical worker, offered advice for women laboring in offices in the early Cold War. Clerical work, as one of the most gender-segregated industries, is an important site to investigate how work is gendered, racialized, compensated, and valued. This essay explores the disciplining of female clerical workers in these pamphlets between the mid-1950s and early 1970s. I identify constitutive rhetoric, a care work frame, and embodiment as rhetorical processes that gendered clerical work in this historical moment. These rhetorics supported the gendered and racialized geopolitics of the Cold War. Through messaging that feminized clerical work, the pamphlets constituted a white, relatively passive labor force disinclined to protest and primed to consume. Such messages served U.S. political interests during the Cold War. I offer this analysis to explore how rhetoric positions labor within social value structures.
Author(s): Veronica Popp and Danielle Phillips-CunninghamAbstract: We argue that Nannie Helen Burroughs (1870-1961), usually interpreted as purely a missionary and remedial educator, was in fact also a significant labor leader and rhetorican. This argument is significant because it challenges gendered and classed constructions of history and rhetoric that render invisible the work women like Burroughs did during nadir. She believed a women’s labor collective (womanist principle of solidarity) would lead to social, political, and economic rights for Black women, which would result in liberation from racial, class and gender inequities for the entire Black community. We examine how Burroughs developed and employed her audacious, progressive, and forward-thinking labor rhetoric through an analysis of three major texts: “The Colored Woman and Her Relations to the Domestic Service Problem” (1902), “Divide Vote or Go to Socialists” (1919) and “My Dear Friend” (1921). We also argue that her womanist labor rhetoric led to the formation of a historic labor union for African American domestic workers in 1921, the National Association of Wage Earners (NAWE). We intend for our examination of her writings to commence rather than end a discussion about who Burroughs was as a labor organizer and rhetorician. She sought to liberate black women from penury by offering a broad educational focus on labor to her students and the larger black community, instilling racial pride in her students, and placing these women into positions of stable employment through a womanist labor platform.
Author(s): Compiled by Ann S. Updike
Author(s): Lisa ShaverAbstract: Drawing on interviews with Joy Ritchie and Kate Ronald, this essay shares the story behind the making of Available Means: An Anthology of Women’s Rhetoric(s), published in 2001. This story not only provides valuable historical context for this widely used and referenced anthology, it captures an important early moment in the field of rhetoric and composition, and even gleans a few teaching suggestions from the collection’s creators.
Author(s): Rebecca Temple
“There’s Just Something About Her”: The Lasting Influence of Anti-Suffrage Rhetoric on American Voter Attitudes
Author(s): Chelsea BockAbstract: In this article, I pair my original research with recent data on voter attitudes in America to conclude that sexism among the eligible voting population remains a problem in the 21st century. Additionally, my research suggests that women are more likely than men to exhibit sexist attitudes toward women in politics. This article is timely in a critical election year and significant in its focus on women as participants in their own discrimination.
Author(s): Elizabeth J. FleitzAbstract: This article analyzes the rhetorical moves made by Amelia Simmons, author of American Cookery, the first American cookbook, published in 1796. Simmons identifies herself on the title page as “an American Orphan.” This article discusses that rhetorical move in terms of its historical and rhetorical context. While initially Simmons’ emphasis on her “American orphan” status might seem counterintuitive (or at least irrelevant), a further exploration into her text shows this to be a calculated risk. Simmons is capable of navigating multiple identities (a woman; an uneducated, working-class orphan) simultaneously, and using them to her advantage through her identity statements, morality statements, and her use of sentimental narrative style. From this analysis, I argue that Simmons’ use of ethos in the text demonstrates what might now be interpreted as a modern American feminist ethē emerging in the 18th century.
Author(s): Mary McCallAbstract: In 2004, Dove launched its Campaign for Real Beauty (CFRB) to promote a more inclusive understanding of beauty based on confidence. Through examining the CFRB advertisements and their construction of “real beauty,” I argue that Dove adopts a postracial rhetoric that normalizes Whiteness, disregards the material realities of race(ism), eschews diversity, and is performative and embodied. By claiming diversity without also acknowledging the history of racialized depictions of bodies of color, Dove homogenizes the racial and ethnic differences of the models in an essentializing discourse, foregrounds White bodies, and reproduces stereotypical imagery of Black bodies across its ads.
Author(s): Stacie Klinowski
Author(s): Patricia Fancher and Amelia Rodriguez
Author(s): Jessica McCrary
Author(s): Mavis Boatemaa Beckson
Author(s): Krista Ratcliffe
Author(s): Timothy Oleksiak
Author(s): Violet Livingston
Author(s): Storm Christine Pilloff
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